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31 January 2019, 06:14 | Louis Holland
Measles outbreak in Washington State leads BCCDC to advise people on immunization updating
These states have particularly high levels - or "hot spots" - of unvaccinated children and are vulnerable to measles outbreaks, according to a study by Hotez and his colleagues that published previous year. Since the start of this month health officials in Washington identified 35 confirmed cases and 11 suspected cases. Nine other cases were in children between 11 and 18 with only one confirmed case appearing in a patient aged between 19 and 29, according to ABC News. One dose of the measles vaccine is about 93 percent effective at preventing measles.
Thirty-one of the confirmed patients had not been vaccinated against measles. But measles is still a big problem in other parts of the world, and travellers infected overseas can bring the virus back and spread it, causing periodic outbreaks.
Measles is a contagious virus that spreads through the air through coughing and sneezing.
Gaza mentioned that California had a similar stance in the past, but changed its guidelines to require childhood immunizations after a serious outbreak happened in 2014 at Disneyland.
Before mass vaccination, 400 to 500 people in the United States died of the measles every year, 50,000 people were hospitalized and 4,000 people developed brain swelling that can cause deafness, Melnick said.
She also acknowledges that it can be hard for parents to navigate the amount of information available online and that misinformation and fear about vaccines have spread widely.
On the other side of the spectrum, CBS News interviewed staunch anti-vaccine supporter Abigail Eckhart, who insisted that it was her right as a parent to refuse getting vaccinations. The measles vaccine is available as a combined measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine, and is available from your local health unit, family doctor, and many pharmacists. Two of the facilities are among more than three dozen places where people may have been exposed to measles. These exemptions have made OR and Washington "more susceptible to entirely preventable outbreaks", he told Vox. Europe saw more than 41,000 measles cases in the first half of 2018, a record high in the post-vaccine era. The health officials are not only fighting the outbreak but also a spread of misinformation. Ninety percent of those who aren't immune to the virus will contract it if they come in contact with an infected person.
Medical authorities have associated the phenomenon of vaccine refusal with increased risk for those who are not vaccinated as well as those who are.
Overall, MMR vaccine refusal by parents is not that common, with about 91 percent of young children receiving the shot in 2016, according to the CDC.
"Basically we would check in with them and just make sure they were adhering to quarantine", Park said, adding that the kids recovered and weren't contagious at the airport, according to the Oregonian. "Being vaccinated provides very good protection against the measles". Certain groups need two doses of MMR, including: college students, health care workers, global travelers, and persons at high risk for measles complications. Patients remain contagious for four days after they develop the rash. In all but four instances, the person who had contracted the disease had not been immunized.
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